Reduced Rainfall (on global warming & water scarcity) -The Nation

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The most recent data released by the Meteorological department showed that the country received 24 percent below average rainfall during the period of July-August. This is quite concerning as reports also reveal that many stations in Sindh and Balochistan did not receive even a single drop of rain during the whole month of August. Water scarcity has already been a persistent problem along with intra-provincial disputes over the provision of water by IRSA.

The month of August was drier in particular, as there was a considerable reduction of rainfall over the country and the national rainfall was 62 percent below its normal value. Experts are of the view that climate change has disrupted set weather patterns and that a clear departure is evident from historical weather patterns.

Pakistan ranks as the world’s fourth highest water user per capita and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has ranked Pakistan third among the countries facing severe water shortages. Water scarcity is an issue that needs to be addressed at the earliest because of the serious repercussions it has on our already struggling agricultural sector. Compromised water flows will continue to put rice growers in Sindh and Balochistan in a quandary, who have been suffering since the start of the summer.

This crisis is expected to become even more severe over the coming years. As it is, changing weather patterns are causing prolonged droughts in regions like Balochistan, frequent flooding, erratic weather patterns, and heatwaves in cities like Karachi. Going forward, authorities will have to formulate robust mitigation and adaptation strategies if Pakistan is to cope with upcoming challenges and avoid food scarcity from becoming a reality. This will require an investment in water-efficient technologies and strategies to reduce high water losses.