UNO and risk of nuclear conflicts -The Frontier Post

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The UN Committee on nuclear disarmament held its first meeting of the 76th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) on Monday. The UN Deputy Secretary General and High Representative for Disarmament, Izumi Nakamitsu warned the meeting about the growing hostility between the states in the international arena has led to the fact that the risk of the use of nuclear weapons has reached an unacceptable level. According to Nakamitsu, not only nuclear, but also conventional weapons, which also continue to be manufactured by states, pose a threat to the world. She said that the global military spending reached nearly $ 2 trillion during 2020, which is 2.6% greater than 2019. Nakamitsu said that Russia and the United States need to start a dialogue in advance on a new arms control agreement before the expiration of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START) in 2026. UN’s head of Nuclear regulators expressed satisfaction on the upward trajectory of cooperation between the United States and Russia, regarding the extension of their bilateral START Treaty, as well as the reaffirmation by the top leadership of the two countries that a nuclear war cannot be won and should never be unleashed.

During the 76th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the UN Secretary General and the UN Deputy Secretary General and High Representative for Disarmament, Izumi Nakamitsu have warned the world about the growing threat of nuclear clouds over the humanity across the globe and emphasized the need for comprehensive efforts by the nuclear and non-nuclear states to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) to strengthen the nonproliferation efforts at international level. In fact, various international organizations including International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and Preparatory Commission for Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) are working tirelessly to protect the world from looming threats of rapidly growing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons by the various nations of the world. However, several member countries do not respect the international laws / interpret those in their own way or do not stand by their words thus making the work of world body more difficult and complex.

Therefore, the United Nations must not isolate the disputes in various parts of the world from the issue of arms race of conventional and nuclear weapons among the states. In fact, any effort for elimination of nuclear threat from the world cannot be successful without resolving the disputes which compel the states not to be a party to UN’s treaties on arms reduction.